Brain cancer arises in different areas of brain tissues. Cancer cells grow to form a mass of cancer tissue (tumor) that interferes with brain functions such as muscle control, sensation, memory, and other normal body functions. Cancer cells that develop from brain tissue are called primary brain tumors while tumors that spread from other body sites to the brain are termed metastatic or secondary brain tumors.
Types of primary brain cancer are
* Astrocytoma–most common type of brain tumor in children; originates in the brainstem, cerebellum, white matter of the cerebrum, or spinal cord
* Brainstem Gliomas–originates in the medulla, pons, or midbrain
* Choroid plexus Papilloma–originates in the ventricles
* Ependymoma–originates in the membrane that lines the bentricles and central canal of the spine
* Glioblastoma multiforme–common in adults;occurs in glial cells in the berebrum
* Medulloblastoma–is another common cancer in children; occurs in the fourth cerebral ventricle and the cerebellum; often invades the meninges
Secondary or Metastatic brain cancer:
* Breast cancer
* Renal cell carcinoma
* Colorectal cancer
The treatment can be mainly depends on the patient’s age and overall health, size, area, type and stage of cancer. The treatment options would include surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.