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Organ Transplants

Organ Transplants

Organ transplant is the process of surgically transferring a donated organ to someone whose organs has failed because of illness or injury. In organ transplant, doctors remove a diseased or failed organ and place a new healthy organ received from a living donor or a donor who has died. organ failure can happen due to many diseases, including heart disease, diabetes, hepatitis, cystic fibrosis, and cirrhosis. In some cases, injury and birth defects may also cause organ failure. The organs and tissues that can be transplanted include:

  • Liver
  • Kidney
  • Lung
  • Heart
  • Pancreas
  • Cornea
  • Middle ear
  • Intestine
  • Skin
  • Bone
  • Bone Marrow
  • Heart valves
  • Connective Tissue

The most common type of transplant surgery is kidney transplants and the least common single organ transplants are the intestines. Organs are matched depending on several characteristics such as blood type, size of the organ required, medical history and age.

Patient who need a transplant need to get on the national waiting list or can receive the organ from any potential donor who can be blood relation, close relative or close friend. The organ transplant team will evaluate the patient who needed a transplant on the basis of medical history, current health status, and other factors under the national health guidelines. The average waiting time may vary by organ, age, blood type, tissue type, medical urgency, distance between the donor and recipient and some other factors.

Organ transplant is a major surgery that may carry a potential risks such as organ rejection. Doctors must match donors to recipients to reduce the risk of transplant rejection. When your immune system attacks the new organ, rejection occurs. Patient undergone an organ transplant must take drugs for the rest of their life to help keep the body from rejecting the new organ.



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